The following table contains x-ray line energies and linewidths,
including those for the elements and compounds that comprise the XSS
The line energies were taken from Bearden (1967).
Krause and Oliver (1979) have provided
semi-empirical linewidths based on the sum of the level widths involved
in the particular line transitions.
These estimates, however, do not include line-broadening caused by
collective effects expected in the solid targets of the EIPS.
Salem and Lee
(1976) provided a least-squares fit to the existing linewidth data for K and
L lines, for elements of even values of Z from 20 through 96, including
solid-state line-broadening. Since this work there have been additional
precision measurements of linewidths (many of these are for Z < 40) which we use
to supplant earlier data (e.g. Parratt (1933); Allison,
etc.) used in Salem and Lee's fit that may have systematic errors, or did not
quote an uncertainty in their stated value. In this table we provide the precision
measured values of the linewidths in the published literature. Where more than
one precision measurement exists for a line, we provide the error-weighted mean
of these values. Values that have no accompanying uncertainty are measured values in
which no uncertainty was quoted; such values represent the only published widths
for these given lines. An arithmetic mean is provided for lines with several such
|1|| Bearden, J. A.,"X-Ray
Wavelengths," Rev. Mod. Phys. 39, 78 (1967)
Database of measured
characteristic x-ray line wavelengths using a Tungsten K-a1 standard.
We quote these line energies unless otherwise noted.
|2||P. Citrin, P. M. Eisenberg, and W.C. Marra
Phys Rev B 10, 1762 (1974)
|| Taken from secondary emission spectra unless otherwise noted, uncertainties stated.
|3||P. L. Lee and S. I. Salem Phys Rev
A 10, 2027 (1974)
||This reference provides data associated with
z=23-32. Metallic targets, uncertainties stated.
||Faessler, A., "Roentgenspektrum und
Bindungszustand", in Landolt-Boerstein: Zahlenwerte und Funktionen, 6.
Auflage, 1.Band, 4.Teil, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1955|| Data included in
Mike Huang's (SAO) compliation.
||H. Sorum and J. Bremer J. Phys F. 12,
|| This reference studies the K-emission
band of Ni using a metal target and states uncertainties.
||L. Parratt Phys Rev 44, 695 (1933)
|| The data was taken from metallic targets and corrected
for overlapping. No uncertainties stated.
||H. H. Roseberry and J. A. Bearden Phys Rev
50, 204 (1936)
|| The data was taken from metallic targets
and has a brief qualitative discussion on measurment errors.
||Tomboulian, D. H., "Experimental
methods of Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy and the Valence Band Spectra of the LIght
Elements" in Handbuch der Physik, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1957
||Data included in Mike Huang's (SAO) compliation.
|9||G. Brogden Arfiv Fysik 23, 219
(1962) ||Metallic targets?
|10||H. Sorum J. Phys. F 17,
417 (1987) ||Metallic targets, states
|11||L. Obert and J. A. Bearden Phys Rev
54, 1000 (1938)
||The uncertainty for Ka1 lines is 3% and
for Ka2 and Kb 4%. Fluorescing radiation instead of electron
bombardment, metallic targets.
|12||M. H. Heinonen, J. A. Leiro, and E. J. Suoninen
Philos. Mag. B 44, 175 (1981)
obatined from Ref. 13, states uncertainties.
|13||M. Deutsch and M. Hart Phys. Rev. B
26, 5558 (1982)
|| Cu Ka1 line, for metallic target, states uncertainty..
|14||J. A. Leiro X-Ray Spectrom. 16, 177
|| La1,2 lines for Zn, states uncertainties.
|15||B. G. Gokhale Ann. Phys. 7, 852
|| Data for z=40, 42 - Ka1 and Ka2 lines, no uncertainties stated.
|16||M. O. Krause, F. Wulleumier, and C. W. Nestor Jr.
Phys. Rev A 6, 871 (1972)
|| L-lines for
Zr, metallic target, states uncertainties.
|17||J. Cooper Phys. Rev 65,155
|| Includes M lines for
a few elements, no stated uncertainties.
|18||E. G. Kessler, Jr. , R. D. Deslattes, D. Girant, W.
Schwitz, I. Jacobs, and O. Renner Phys. Rev A 26,2696 (1982)
||States measurement uncertainties.
|19||L. Parratt Phys. Rev 54,99
|| The entire L-spectrum for
Ag, including satellites. Metallic target and does not state uncertainties.
|20||M. Ohno, P. Putila-Mantyla and G. GraeffeJ. Phys.
|| L-lines for elements of
intermediate Z, for metallic targets and with uncertainties stated.
|21||G. C. Nelson and B. G. SaundersJour. Physique
(Paris) 32,C4-97 (1971)
|| Data for
K-lines for Z > 50, from metallic targets and with uncertainties.
|22||Ekstig and Kallne E 1969 private
communication quoted in K D Sevier 1972Low-Energy Electron Spectrometry
(New York: Wiley-Interscience) p 220
||Data obtained from Ref. 20.
|23|| F. K. Richtmeyer and S. W. BarnesPhys. Rev.
35 476 (1930)
||This paper discusses measurement uncertainties
and was one of the first papers to correct for instrumental
|24||B. Gokhale, S. N. Shukla, and R. N.
SrivastavaPhys. Rev. A 28 858 (1983)
||L-lines of W metallic target, with uncertainties.
|25||S. I. Salem and P. L. LeePhys. Rev. A
10 2033 (1974)
L-lines from metallic targets of rare earth elements and W, with uncertainties.
|26||J. CooperPhys. Rev. 61 234
||L-lines from Yb-Tl metallic targets, including W and Au, with uncertainties.
|27||P. Amorium, L. Salgueiro, F. Parente and J. G.
FerreiraJ. Phys B 21 3851(1988)
||L-lines from Ir,Pt, Au,Th and U metallic targets, with uncertainties.
|28||F. K. Richtmeyer, S. W. Barnes and E. RambergPhys
Rev 45 843(1934)
||L-lines of Au from a metallic target, with
no uncertainties quoted.
|29||S. I. Salem and P. L. Lee At. Data and Nuc. Data
Tables 18 233-241 (1976)
provides a least-square fit to the existing data for K and L lines from z=20 to
|30||M.O. Krause and J.H. Oliver J. Phys. Chem. Ref.
Data 8 329-338 (1979)
||A catalog of linewidths for Z = 10-110 derived
from level widths.